The Miracle on the Vistula, the Battle of Warsaw 1920
The Weak Facing the Strong
World history presents many cases of struggles between superior and inferior state and non-state actors. At first glance, the outcome of the confrontation usually favors the big and powerful actors. At the same time, there is the tendency to underestimate the weaker state as an opponent not likely to be worthy of effectively meeting the threat posed by the larger power. Most quick looks assume that it is only a matter of time before the stronger actor finally overwhelms the weaker adversary. What is significant, however, is that such initial estimates use factors that are easy to measure. Yet, in the case of standard comparisons of relative strength, the early 'easy' measurements are almost always wrong.
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