9. Islamophobia and its Consequences
This chapter examines the development, usage and impact of the concept of Islamophobia mainly in European societies. The paper outlines the rise in Islamophobia after the incidents of 11 September 2001, reviews the context in which the concept developed and identifies conditions upon which the spread of Islamophobia occurred. Subsequently, the paper considers its consequences, including the erosion of the multicultural model, anti-terrorism campaigns and immigration policies and gives examples for anti-Islamophobia initiatives. The paper argues that Islamophobia can no longer be discarded from the European lexicon.
© 2007 Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS)