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The Territory-Identity Nexus in the Conflict over Nagorno Karabakh

Implications for OSCE Peace Efforts

Nagorno Karabakh is the first full-blown conflict where the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) has been primarily involved as a mediator and the first conflict related to the OSCE’s concrete talks to operationalize its concept of peacekeeping.This article argues that the OSCE normative context is one of the factors that has made the conflict resolution a daunting task. Focus is placed on the effect international norms and principles have on the conflict dynamics and on conflict resolution efforts in general. It further examines the main constraints on reconciling the adversarial positions of the conflicting parties and concludes that there is a need for creating a framework to search for cooperative solutions based on common needs and interests.

© 2003 European Centre for Minority Issues (ECMI)



Nadia Milanova